标签归档:西安桑拿会所

Inventory of world famous ski resorts

Intern reporter/Zhang Congzhi
Asia region:
1. NISEKO Ski Resort in Hokkaido, Japan
Ershigu Ski Resort is the largest ski resort in Hokkaido, and it is also recognized as the most popular ski resort in Japan. It consists of four ski areas, namely, Birov, Dongshan, Anupuli and Huayuan, which are located in Anupuli Mountain. It has more than 60 ski trails and more than 30 cable car trails. The average annual snowfall here is 14 meters thick, and it is famous for its soft and delicate powder snow. It is praised as "powder snow paradise" by skiers, and it is also one of the top ten ski resorts in the world evaluated by Forbes travelers. Every year, the ski season will attract a large number of tourists.
2. Shigakogen Ski Resort in Japan
Shiga Plateau Ski Resort is located in Nagano Prefecture, a famous skiing county in Japan. After the Winter Olympic Games in 1998, Nagano became famous in the world for its ice and snow sports. Among the "Six Alpine Ski Resorts in Japan" selected by the Japanese, three of them are located in Nagano Prefecture (Nozawa, Shiga, and Bafangweigen), among which Shiga Plateau is better known at home and abroad. At that time, the main venue of alpine competition in the skiing event of the Winter Olympics was located here, and at that time, many of its snow trails reached the track standard.
At present, Shiga Plateau Ski Resort is divided into four ski areas: Maruchi, Central, Yokosuka and Ozhiga. There are 21 ski resorts, large and small, which are connected by more than 70 cableways. It is not only the largest ski resort in Japan, but also in Asia. The highest elevation of Shiga Plateau is 2,305 meters, and the lowest elevation is 1,340 meters, with a drop of 965 meters. There are five hills over 2,000 meters, which are ups and downs along the snowy slopes of the mountain, which are varied and suitable for skiers of all levels. Among the above four ski areas, Yokosuka Mountain area is the most difficult, which is more suitable for middle and advanced skiers, while Maruchi area is the least difficult, and most of the slides are suitable for beginners.
Due to the high altitude, the snow period in Shiga Plateau is long, and the snow quality is dry and thick. The skiing season can last from January to March every year. However, due to the low latitude, there is a problem of insufficient snow in some ski areas with low altitude at the beginning or end of the snow season.
3. Longpingdu Resort Ski Resort in Pyeongchang County, South Korea
Longping Ski Resort is located in Pyeongchang County, gangwon, South Korea. It was completed and opened in 1975 and is one of the ski resorts established earlier in South Korea. There are all kinds of modern ski facilities in the ski resort, which is called "Alpes of Korea", and it has witnessed the development of skiing in Korea. The 1998 World Cup Skiing Competition and the 1999 Gangwon Winter Asian Games were held at Longping Ski Resort. Alpine skiing events of the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics will also be held here.
As the shooting place of the TV series "Love Song in Winter", Longping Ski Resort has attracted a large number of Asian fans, including Japanese and China, to make a pilgrimage here. There is the first-class ski equipment in Korea, including the Rainbow Ramp, which has 28 ski trails and 14 cable lanes including the cable car with a round trip of 7.4 kilometers. In addition, there are swimming pools, saunas and other ancillary facilities, as well as golf courses, mountain bike paths and other sports facilities in the snow resort.
Europe:
4. Verbier ski resort, Switzerland
Weibull Ski Resort is the largest ski resort in Switzerland, and is also praised by many skiers as one of the top ten ski resorts in the world. It is located between Zermatt and Mont Blanc and is formed by the merger of six ski resorts. The highest altitude is 3330 meters, the lowest altitude is 1500 meters, and the drop is 1830 meters. The total length of the slide is 400 kilometers, the longest slide is over 8 kilometers, and the shortest slide is 1 kilometer.
There are more than 90 cable cars in the ski resort, and a cable car line goes directly to the top of Ford Peak at an altitude of 3330 meters. Skiers can have a panoramic view of Matterhorn, Kompong and Mont Blanc at the top of the mountain.
Unlike ski resorts in Asia or New Zealand, Swiss ski resorts have few forests, spacious snow trails, wide horizons and many natural slides. The snow field in Weibier is rocky over 1000 meters, and the deep snow buried the rocks under it, creating a natural snow trail, also known as the "wild trail". Skiing is deeply loved by people in Switzerland, and Weibull Ski Resort is the important town of snow skateboarding in Switzerland. Many snow skateboarders choose to show their talents here. In order to meet the needs of skiers at all levels, Weibier divides the ski trails into five grades. Besides the primary, intermediate and advanced trails, there are two special routes, SkiTour and High Mountain Tour, which are specially designed for skiers and are a major feature of the ski resort.
5. Les 3 Vallées Ski Resort in France
The Three Gorges is the largest ski destination in France, located in the Rhone-Alpes region, deep in the embrace of the Alps. As the name implies, the Three Gorges Valley Snow Area is composed of three canyons, mainly the onion kernel valley, the beautiful bell valley and the Cosville valley. There are eight snow fields distributed in these three canyons, which are scattered at different heights.
After years of construction, the Three Gorges Valley has connected eight ski resorts with cable cars, and skiers can change to different ski resorts by cable cars. The total length of the Three Gorge Snow Resort is over 600 kilometers, and the wild snow resorts are all over the mountains. It is considered by many people to be the largest ski resort in the world. Every year, a large number of tourists come for vacation, which leads to the price level of the Three Gorge Snow Resort being among the best in France.
The highest altitude here is 3,230 meters, the lowest altitude is 1,338 meters, and the drop of ski trails can reach 1,892 meters. The terrain of the eight ski resorts is quite different, and the ski trails have their own characteristics, and the difficulty levels vary from low to high, which can meet the needs of skiers at all levels.
6. Kitzbüheler Ski Resort, Austria
Kitzbuhel Ski Resort is located in the depths of the mountains in southern Austria, between the 1712m Hahnenkamm Mountain and the 1996m Kitzbuhler Mountain, and is known as Monaco in the Alps. This is the birthplace of downhill skiing, with formidable and difficult trails. Skiresort.De, the world’s largest ski resort testing portal, rated Kitzbuhel as "the best ski resort in the world" for three consecutive years (2013 ~ 2015).
Kitzbuhel Ski Resort is well known and yearned for by skiers all over the world because of its superior geographical and climatic conditions and complete skiing facilities. There is a large amount of snowfall and excellent snow quality here, which can last up to 155 days, and you can ski from December to April of the following year. There are about 70 snow trails and 56 highly modern cable cars and ropeways in the ski resort, as well as a dynamic ski fun park and 170 kilometers of winter hiking trails. There is also a professional ski school, and various skiing competitions are held every year. In summer, the "Alpine Garden" on Kitzbuhel Mountain, with more than 120 kinds of colorful flowers, is a good place for hiking and cycling. You can also ride a horse to climb Hanankam Mountain and visit the cable car museum there.
North America:
7. Whistler Ski Resort in Canada
Whistler, about 120 kilometers north of Vancouver, is the largest ski resort in North America. From 1992 to 1995, Whistler was named "the first ski resort in North America" by Snow Country for four consecutive years.
Whistler has more than 200 high-quality ski trails and two towering magnificent peaks, namely Whistler Mountain at an altitude of 7,160 feet and Blackcomb Mountain at an altitude of 7,494 feet.
Among them, Whistler Mountain Ski Resort was opened in 1966, covering an area of 3,657 acres with an elevation of 1,530 meters, with more than 100 ski trails, making it the ski resort with the largest number of ski trails in Canada. There are three kinds of ski trails to choose from, of which 25% are professional ski trails, 55% are designed for intermediate skiers and 20% are suitable for beginners. The skiing season in Whistler starts in November every year and ends in May of the following year, and sometimes even extends to August.
The Black comb Mountain Ski Resort was opened in 1980, covering an area of 3,344 acres, with an elevation of 1,609 meters, ranking first in North America. There are two glaciers, Horstman and Blackcomb, on the top of the mountain. Skiers with high level can experience the pleasure of sliding down on the glaciers. In Horstman Glacier, you can also enjoy skiing in summer. Its ski run is wider than Whistler Mountain, but it has many slopes, which is not suitable for beginners. In 1994, a cable car was installed in Heishu Mountain, so that tourists could quickly climb to two different ski resorts on the mountain.
8. Jackson Hole Ski Resort, USA
Jackson Hole Ski Resort is located in the Teton Mountain Range in Wyoming, 440 kilometers north of Salt Lake City. It is the core of the desolate mountainous area in northwest Wyoming and the entrance to Yellowstone National Park. In Forbes’ 2015 Top Ten Ski Resort in North America, Jackson Hole topped the list.
Built in 1964, the ski resort is one of the few privately operated ski resorts in the United States, and its biggest feature is its diverse terrain. Its highest point is 3184 meters, the lowest point is 1923 meters, and the snow fall of more than 1200 meters provides skiers with a thrilling experience. There are two mountains in the snow resort-Rendezvous Mountain has the steepest underworld (advanced) and double black diamond snow trails, where the blue trail (intermediate) is equivalent to the underworld (advanced) elsewhere, and ApresVous Mountain is next to Rendezvous Mountain, which is relatively gentle and famous for its renovated intermediate trail and black SaratogaBow.
Jackson Hole Ski Resort ranks first in North America in the slidable height under the most distinctive Tram, and skiers can slide from the top of the mountain to the bottom of the mountain by cable car. The snow period here is roughly from December to April, and the average snowfall in winter is 3 meters.
other
9. Queenstown Ski Resort, New Zealand
Queenstown is known as the "adventure capital" of New Zealand. There are about 220 kinds of activities and scenic spots operating all the year round, from bungee jumping to jet speedboats, from rafting to mountain biking, and outdoor explorers can be seen everywhere. In addition, there are many world-class ski resorts here.
Usually, skiers regard Queenstown as a whole with Lake Wanaka, which is not far away. There are four famous ski resorts in this area, namely Crown Peak Ski Resort and Zhuoyue Mountain Ski Resort in Queenstown, and Kadrona Ski Resort and Trickle Mountain Ski Resort in Lake Wanaka. These two ski resorts are more suitable for middle and advanced skiers. In addition, 35 kilometers away from Lake Wanaka, there is also a famous ice and snow park-the only commercial cross-country ski resort in New Zealand, with 50 kilometers of specially trimmed slides and day/night ski areas, suitable for people of all levels.
The ski resorts in Queenstown and Lake Wanaka are open from June to October every year, which is the winter in the southern hemisphere. The vertical elevation of these four ski resorts ranges from 400 meters to 700 meters, and there are various types of ski trails, such as downhill skiing and large-scale high-altitude skill ski track, which meet the standards of international snow leagues, and special ski devices and ski trails are also designed for children and beginners.
Reporting/feedback

Reunion dinner for Tujia boys in Hunan: the menu is "confidential", and it is dawn when eating.

My hometown is Sangzhi County, Zhangjiajie City, and I am a Tujia boy. Different from the general New Year’s Eve dinner, we usually have a reunion dinner in the early morning of the New Year’s Eve, almost as early as possible, and families will start preparing from dawn.

Therefore, every year at the reunion dinner, the family will experience the moment when the sky is bright after eating. If we are lucky, we can also hear the sound of fireworks and firecrackers set off by nearby residents during the reunion dinner. On this day, people will look forward to the good weather in the coming year, just like farmers, and they all hope that all their wishes will come true and everything will go well in the new year.

Family members have been preparing dishes for the reunion dinner since early in the morning.

When I was a child, I heard from the older generation that Tujia people have the custom of catching up with the New Year, usually having a reunion dinner on the night of the 29th of the twelfth lunar month. But as a Tujia, I have had a reunion dinner on the morning of New Year’s Eve since I was a child. Yes, this is our morning New Year’s Eve dinner.

This year is the same. Our family chose to have a reunion dinner at our third aunt’s house. It is said that three aunts and three uncles have been buying food since the beginning of the twelfth lunar month, including killing pigs from the countryside, and then finding people to smoke them into bacon and sausages. Smoked bacon can be steamed, fried and cooked, and each method is delicious.

Except for bacon, the menu of the annual reunion dinner is "confidential", and people who come to eat don’t know what to eat until the food is served on the table. This year, I asked my third aunt for a menu in advance, including: steak, steamed sausage, fried bacon, pig’s head meat, chicken hotpot, tasty fish, bacon trotters and so on.

I got up early, set out from home and walked.13I came to my third aunt’s house in minutes, and it was early morning.sixHalf past ten. Three aunts and three uncles are already busy. "Honey, thaw the pig’s trotters first, then wash them. I’ll wash those small dishes first. After you finish, then cut the sausage." Third aunt shouted.

At this time, it was just dawn outside. In the words of my composition when I was a child, it was "the sky turned into a fish-belly white". The preparation of the two people’s dishes lasted for almost an hour, and I would help them from time to time. After washing the vegetables, it was already bright outside.

It was dawn after eating, and fireworks sounded outside the house.

At this time, I came to the most important link.——Cooking. My uncle used to work in the cookhouse squad of the army, so he naturally cooked the reunion dinner. Ignite, take out the pot, burn oil and hot dishes. One by one, the ingredients change from raw to cooked in the pot, and the hot air and aroma are intertwined. Third Aunt can’t help but say, "The dishes smell good!"

fromeightAt half past ten, relatives at home knocked at the door one after another, and my brother and nephews scrambled to open the door. "Happy New Year!" Every guest who comes in will say such a sentence. In a short time, the house was full of people.

The dishes were brought to the table and the table was quickly filled. People who were sitting around the fire table smelled the fragrance and came to the table automatically. There is a special program of Spring Festival on the news channel on TV. Overseas Chinese all live the same festival belonging to China people in different places.

Our whole family picked up cups and raised their glasses to wish a happy New Year. It was cloudy that day. Although the sun didn’t come out, there were bursts of fireworks and firecrackers outside the house.——People have a reunion dinner on the morning of New Year’s Eve, saying goodbye to the old and welcoming the new, hoping for a better year.

Xiaoxiang morning herald reporter Man Yankun

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Reporting/feedback

Building a financial power is an inevitable requirement for building a socialist modern power in an all-round way.

  作者:高惺惟(中央党校〔国家行政学院〕习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心研究员)

  日前召开的中央金融工作会议指出,“金融是国民经济的血脉,是国家核心竞争力的重要组成部分,要加快建设金融强国”。我国金融正处在由“大”到“强”的关键时期,机遇与挑战并存。建设金融强国,必须坚持和加强党的全面领导,坚定不移走中国特色金融发展之路,推动我国金融高质量发展。

  1.金融是国民经济的血脉和国家核心竞争力的重要组成部分

  习近平总书记指出:“金融活,经济活;金融稳,经济稳。经济兴,金融兴;经济强,金融强。经济是肌体,金融是血脉,两者共生共荣。”党的二十大报告指出,“高质量发展是全面建设社会主义现代化国家的首要任务。发展是党执政兴国的第一要务”。金融是现代经济的核心,能够通过发挥配置资源的功能助推一国生产力发展、经济腾飞、科技创新和产业升级,是国家重要的核心竞争力。加快建设金融强国,是我国经济社会发展的需要,也是我国经济长远发展的战略抉择,更是在金融全球化进程中维护国家金融安全的需要,事关国家繁荣富强、社会和谐稳定、人民幸福安康。全面建成社会主义现代化强国需要建设一个金融强国。

  Finance is the blood that nourishes the body of the economy, and it is a symbiotic relationship with the real economy. The development of finance depends on the real economy, and the development of the real economy needs the empowerment of financial services. Specifically, financial institutions can provide necessary financial support for the real economy, thus promoting the development of the real economy. Finance can enlarge the production capacity and market space of start-ups and prolong the energy storage time of new technologies. By building a modern financial institution and market system, diversified financial services can guide more resources into new fields and new tracks, which is conducive to the accumulation of new kinetic energy in the real economy. All work in the financial sector actively serves the implementation of major national strategies, and can continuously inject "flowing water" into the implementation of relevant strategies by optimizing the allocation of financial resources in rural revitalization, scientific and technological innovation, small and micro enterprises, green development and other fields, adding new vitality to the high-quality development of the economy and society. Finance is an important tool to stabilize macroeconomic operation. By strengthening policy implementation and work promotion and maintaining reasonable and abundant liquidity, the cost of social financing can be effectively reduced, thus stabilizing the market expectation of the real economy and providing a good financial environment for economic and social development.

  Finance is an important core competitiveness of a country, financial system is an important basic system in economic and social development, and financial security is an important content of national security. Since its birth, the Communist Party of China (CPC) has recognized the importance of finance, attached great importance to financial work, and ensured the financial cause to move in the right direction. From supporting the revolutionary war, to establishing a new regime, and then to serving the socialist modernization, the financial industry has achieved leap-forward development again and again. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the centralized and unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee, China’s high-quality financial development has made new major achievements, the financial system has been continuously improved, and financial supervision has been improved, which has effectively supported the overall economic and social development in the new era and made important contributions to building a well-off society in an all-round way as scheduled and achieving the goal of the first century. In the new era and new journey, Chinese modernization will comprehensively promote the construction of a strong country and the great cause of national rejuvenation. We must speed up the construction of a financial power, comprehensively strengthen financial supervision, improve the financial system, optimize financial services, guard against and resolve risks, unswervingly follow the road of financial development with China characteristics, and promote the high-quality development of China’s finance.

  2. The inherent requirements of a socialist modern financial power

  The first is people’s nature. "People’s interests first" is the value pursuit of China’s financial work. If finance does not serve the interests of the country and the people, there will be chaos in the financial field. Financial work must adhere to the people-centered value orientation, the fundamental purpose of financial services to the real economy, the eternal theme of financial work, the deepening of structural reform on the financial supply side, the overall planning of financial opening and security, and the general tone of striving for progress while maintaining stability. This requires the financial work to practice the Party’s purpose, the financial system to improve its political position, adhere to political principles, firm its political direction and maintain its political strength, and always bear in mind that the Party’s purpose is to serve the people wholeheartedly, and the people’s position is the fundamental position of the Party and the fundamental position of the financial work led by the Party.

  The second is marketization. The central financial work conference pointed out that "we should persist in promoting financial innovation and development on the track of marketization and rule of law". Market economy is essentially an economy in which the market determines the allocation of resources. Practice has proved that the allocation of resources by the market is the most efficient way of resource allocation. To improve the level of market-oriented allocation of financial resources, on the one hand, we must vigorously develop the capital market, optimize the financing structure, and give full play to the hub function of the capital market. The development degree of capital market represents the development degree of financial marketization in a certain sense, and it is the most dynamic platform in the financial system. Developing capital market plays a key role in building a modern economic system. On the other hand, we should steadily promote the reform of interest rate marketization, so that interest rates can give full play to the role of guiding resource allocation. Steadily promoting interest rate marketization is one of the core contents of improving macro-control and deepening financial reform in China, and the interest rate marketization reform can play a vital role in the efficient allocation of funds.

  The third is internationalization. Adhere to both "bringing in" and "going out", steadily expand the institutional opening of the financial sector, enhance the facilitation of cross-border investment and financing, attract more foreign-funded financial institutions and long-term capital to develop their businesses in China, and serve the construction of the "Belt and Road". To this end, it is necessary to further optimize the business environment, continue to significantly reduce the restrictions on foreign investment access, create a new platform for international cooperation, provide global investors with a stable investment place under the rule of law, and strive to become the first choice for foreign enterprises to invest. Adhere to the overall planning of financial opening and security, and strive to promote high-level financial opening. High-level financial openness requires steady and prudent internationalization of RMB, which will help enterprises to guard against the risk of liquidity shortage, realize the stability of global foreign exchange reserves, and make RMB an "anchor currency", which is the need of rebalancing global economic development.

  The fourth is technology. The financial industry is an information-intensive industry, and information is very important to the financial industry. According to the theory of financial intermediary, financial intermediary has the function of information production, which can provide information to the market and alleviate the information asymmetry between the two parties. Due to the advantages of network in information production and transmission, financial technology not only speeds up information transmission, but also improves the ability of information collection and reduces the cost of information processing, thus improving the information production ability of financial intermediaries. At present, the network has become a platform for human beings to create and share information, and the traditional information dissemination mode is undergoing essential changes under the promotion of network information technology. Financial technology promotes the integration of electronic information technology and traditional finance, innovates the financial format, increases the convenience of financial services, and improves the quality of financial services to the real economy in many fields.

  The fifth is inclusiveness. The purpose of inclusive finance is to enable everyone to get financial services at the right price in a timely and dignified manner when they need them. Inclusive finance is consistent with the development concept of "sharing". The economic value of inclusive finance lies in helping to adjust the imbalance between supply and demand of finance, especially the imbalance between supply and demand of financial structure, so that finance can better serve the real economy. The social value of inclusive finance lies in helping low-income people and small and micro enterprises to obtain financial services, so that everyone can have the right to enjoy financial services fairly. In essence, inclusive finance helps low-income groups and small and micro enterprises get the right to get rich through fair development, which can promote inclusive economic growth and harmonious social development.

  The sixth is security. The Central Financial Work Conference called for "strengthening financial supervision in an all-round way and effectively preventing and resolving financial risks". Preventing financial risks and maintaining financial security are the eternal themes of financial work. Financial markets and financial institutions must be supervised according to law in order to better guard against financial risks and safeguard the interests of investors. Financial institutions are different from ordinary enterprises, and once something goes wrong, it may lead to systemic risks. The financial industry has strong publicity, externality and sociality, and financial risks are highly contagious and hidden, which requires that financial supervision must be strict, "measuring to the end with a ruler".

  3. Promote the construction of a strong financial country with structural reform on the financial supply side.

  Over the past 40 years, China’s financial system has been continuously improved in the reform. To build a strong financial country, we must continue to rely on reform, especially deepen the structural reform of the financial supply side, improve the financial market, financial institutions and financial product systems by optimizing the financial structure, clarify the market-oriented objectives and strengthen the responsibility of supervision, and keep the bottom line that systematic financial risks do not occur.

  Give full play to the function of the capital market hub. For a long time, China mainly relied on the indirect financing system dominated by banks, which led to a high leverage ratio of enterprises and increased financial risks to some extent. Therefore, it is necessary to further improve the financial market structure, enlarge and strengthen the capital market, build a standardized, transparent, open, dynamic and resilient capital market, and increase the proportion of direct financing. At the critical stage of China’s economy from high-speed growth to high-quality development, the capital market will play a central role in adjusting the industrial structure and building an innovative economic system. Since the reform and opening up, China’s capital market construction has made great progress, but it still faces the problems of low efficiency and imperfect mechanism. To further improve the capital market in the new period, on the one hand, let the capital market play a decisive role in resource allocation. We will promote the deepening of the stock issuance registration system, develop diversified equity financing, vigorously improve the quality of listed companies, and cultivate first-class investment banks and institutions. On the other hand, better play the role of the government. The regulatory authorities maintain the fairness and transparency of the market, resolutely crack down on illegal activities such as market manipulation, insider trading and false information disclosure, and pay more attention to protecting the interests of investors.

  Steadily and prudently promote the internationalization of RMB. As long as China’s economy can maintain a high-quality growth momentum, RMB internationalization will be realized stably. In this process, it is necessary to cultivate high-quality development and high-level open microeconomic entities, with the focus on improving the competitiveness of enterprises and products. In addition, we will unswervingly deepen reform and opening up in the financial sector. In the future, the interest rate and exchange rate of RMB should be determined by the market, and the opening of capital account and financial market should be promoted step by step under the principle of efficiency, stability and effectiveness, so that offshore RMB can have a better investment place. Improve the infrastructure construction of RMB internationalization, and strive to realize the services of RMB cross-border payment system (CIPS) wherever there is RMB.

  Build a modern central banking system and always maintain the stability of monetary policy. The independence of the central bank is an important part of the modern central banking system. We should strive to create a good monetary and financial environment, always maintain the stability of monetary policy, pay more attention to cross-cycle and countercyclical adjustment, and enrich the monetary policy toolbox. At present, the main goal of unblocking the transmission mechanism of monetary policy is to establish the transmission mechanism of price-based monetary policy by deepening the interest rate marketization reform, taking the loan market quotation rate (LPR) indirectly regulated by the central bank as the operational goal of monetary policy, taking the deposit and loan interest rate of financial institutions determined by market supply and demand as the intermediate goal of monetary policy, and keeping the currency stable and promoting economic growth as the ultimate goal of monetary policy.

  Adhere to the implementation of inclusive finance. An important part of promoting the structural reform of the financial supply side is to build a multi-level, wide-coverage and differentiated banking system. In this system, commercial banks, policy banks, city commercial banks, rural financial institutions, private banks and village banks have their own positions, perform their duties and complement each other. State-owned commercial banks should define their position, take the establishment of modern enterprise system as the guide, and keep a close eye on the core goal of "becoming stronger, better and bigger". Policy banks should clearly define their functions, clarify their business boundaries, and take national interests and national strategic needs as their business values. Their main role is to make up for market failures in some areas and do things that commercial banks are unwilling to do, cannot do and cannot do well. Rural commercial banks can better serve small and medium-sized enterprises by relying on the long-term accumulated local credit and its flexible interest rate policy. They should identify their own differentiated positioning, establish business priorities, pay attention to meeting the differentiated, personalized and customized business needs of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" and small and medium-sized enterprises, and "do small things" to reduce the loan concentration and the loan scale per household.

  Comprehensively strengthen financial supervision and effectively prevent and resolve financial risks. Comprehensively strengthen institutional supervision, behavioral supervision, functional supervision, penetrating supervision and continuous supervision, eliminate regulatory gaps and blind spots, and better safeguard financial security. First, improve the modern financial enterprise system with China characteristics, improve the management of state-owned financial capital, broaden the channels for bank capital replenishment, and do a good job in risk isolation between industry and finance. Early identification, early warning, early exposure and early disposal of risks, sound early correction mechanism of financial risks with hard constraints, and timely disposal of risks of small and medium-sized financial institutions. The second is to establish a long-term mechanism to prevent and resolve local debt risks, establish a government debt management mechanism that is compatible with high-quality development, and optimize the debt structure of central and local governments. The third is to prevent financial risks caused by the real estate market. Promote a virtuous circle between finance and real estate, improve the main supervision system and fund supervision of real estate enterprises, improve macro-prudential management of real estate finance, and meet the reasonable financing needs of real estate enterprises with different ownership equally. The fourth is to strengthen the supervision of financial technology. The rapid development of financial technology has enhanced the concealment of financial risks, added many new financial risk points, and put forward higher requirements for the ability of financial supervision. Therefore, financial supervision departments need to innovate financial supervision means and balance the relationship between financial innovation and financial security, so as to encourage financial innovation that will help improve the efficiency of financial services and control financial risks within a safe range.

  Guangming Daily (November 10, 2023, 06 edition)

Let’s see which "beauty politician" is the most beautiful. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu is on the list.


Luciana Leon



Mercedes arauz



Fujikawa Yuri



Tymoshenko



Hilary



Jiang Yu


  British media reported on the 25th that 20 Minutos, Spain’s largest newspaper, voted online on its website and selected "the most beautiful female politician in the world". Luciana Leon, a young female parliamentarian from Peru, was ranked first for the time being. Other beautiful politicians on the list include US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Republican vice presidential candidate Palin, and China Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu is also on the list, ranking 37th.


  Peruvian beauty is known as "the eighth wonder"


  According to the report, 54 female politicians shortlisted for this vote came from 30 countries including Israel, Italy, Afghanistan, Ukraine and Finland.


  At present, the voting results show that Luciana Leon, a Peruvian congresswoman who is a lawyer, won about 24,000 votes and was temporarily elected as the "most beautiful female politician" in the world. The blond Leon is 30 years old and is now the youngest member of Congress in Peru. One voter described her as having an "angel face", and even worse, praised her beauty as "the eighth wonder of the world".


  In the second place, a female member of parliament from Peru, 47-year-old Mercedes Arauz, won about 15,000 votes. She is Peru’s Minister of Foreign Trade and Tourism.


  Two Chinese are on the list.


  On the Chinese side, there are two Penny Wong the list, namely, China Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu, ranked 37th, and Australian Minister of Climate Change and Water Resources Huang Yingxian, ranked 48th. Voters gave Jiang Yu an evaluation that she was beautiful and generous, and her manners were quite decent.


  Jiang Yu, 44, was born and raised in Beijing. She graduated from the Foreign Affairs College, the cradle of China diplomats, in 1986. She was proficient in English and worked in the Permanent Mission of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China to the United Nations. Since 2003, she has been a spokesperson for the Office of the Commissioner in. At the end of 2005, she was transferred back to the Information Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Beijing as a political counselor. In 2006, she became the deputy director and spokesperson of the Information Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


  Hillary Clinton was shortlisted for the "oldest"


  Palin, a 44-year-old US vice presidential candidate, ranked 24th with 3,173 votes. The 61-year-old US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton ranked 34th. She is the oldest female politician on the list. In addition, Tymoshenko, the Ukrainian Prime Minister whose beauty has long been recognized by the outside world and known as the "natural gas princess", ranked eighth. Royal, a French socialist who lost to Sarkozy in the presidential election, ranked 36th.


  The female parliamentarians on the German list are only 22 years old.


  The youngest female politician on the list is Julia Bunker, a 22-year-old female member of parliament from Germany. She was elected as a member of parliament at the age of 18 and is the youngest state member in Germany’s history. She holds high the banner of anti-Nazi, and is a high-profile political star in Germany recently. She ranks 22nd on the list.


  Fujikawa Yuri, known as the most beautiful Japanese parliamentarian, also made the list, ranking fifth. Fujikawa Yuri has a star-like face. Earlier, in order to promote the tourism industry in her hometown, she tried her best and even boldly launched a photo album to boost the local economy.


  None of the British female politicians was selected.


  Surprisingly, there are many young and beautiful female parliamentarians in Britain, and no one is selected for this list. This inevitably makes British journalists somewhat frustrated. In this regard, the British "Daily Mail" said: "British female politicians may not attract the attention of people in other countries in the world in terms of appearance, but they are also very eye-catching."


  A reporter from 20 Minutes said: "I don’t think British female politicians are famous for their beauty, but if you browse female politicians around the world, some of them are really attractive."


  According to him, hundreds of readers sent emails to the voting website to discuss their views, but none of them volunteered to add British female politicians to the voting list of the "Global Beauty Politicians List".


  Spain has five female politicians on the list, which is the country with the largest number of finalists, followed by the United States and Mexico with four people on the list.


  China Daily Yang Zong

Editor: Li Erqing

At 10: 00 on July 28, the Central Meteorological Observatory continued to issue an orange rainstorm warning.

  Cctv newsThe Central Meteorological Observatory continued to issue an orange rainstorm warning at 10: 00 on July 28th.

  It is estimated that there will be heavy rains in parts of Fujian, eastern Jiangxi, eastern and southern Zhejiang, central and southern Anhui, southern Hebei, most of Shandong, central and northern Henan, eastern Gansu, central Shaanxi, northern Hubei, western and southern Yunnan, among which there will be heavy rains in parts of southern Anhui, northwestern Jiangxi, central and southern Zhejiang and most of Fujian, and in southeastern Fujian. Some of the above areas are accompanied by short-term heavy rainfall (the maximum hourly rainfall is 30 ~ 60 mm, and the local area can exceed 80 mm), and there are strong convective weather such as thunderstorms and strong winds.

  Defense guide:

  1, the government and relevant departments in accordance with their duties to do a good job in emergency work against heavy rain;

  2. Cut off the dangerous outdoor power supply and suspend outdoor work;

  3. Units in danger zones shall suspend classes or business, and take special measures to protect the safety of students, children and other working personnel who have arrived at school;

  4, do a good job in urban and farmland drainage, pay attention to prevent possible disasters such as flash floods, landslides and mudslides.

2023 Shanghai Nightlife Festival kicks off, and 100 nightlife places are waiting for you.

On the evening of June 3rd, the launching ceremony of "2023 Shanghai Nightlife Festival" co-sponsored by the Municipal Commission of Commerce, the Municipal Press and Publication Bureau, the Municipal Sports Bureau and the Huangpu District Government was held in BFC Bund Financial Center. Vice Mayor Huayuan and Deputy Secretary General of the Municipal Government Zhang Xiong attended the event.
Night life festival scene. The pictures in this article are all 100 nightlife places released by Shanghai Municipal Commission of Commerce this year. Good places for waterfront nightlife include 35 characteristic landmarks along the coast of "One River and One River", such as Shiboyuan, BFC Bund Financial Center, Putuo 88 Tribe, Suhewan Vientiane World and Fengchao on the West Bank. A good place for nightlife in Chaoliu District includes 35 characteristic commercial district landmarks such as Zhangyuan-Maoming North Road Time-limited Pedestrian Street, Daxue Road Time-limited Pedestrian Street, Panlong Tiandi, Hengshan Square, Jinchao Lane 8 and Wupintian. Good nightlife places in the neighborhood include Yangpu Youmai Life Plaza, Chongming Haishanghua Island, Bailian Century Nightclub and a number of 15-minute convenient living circle landmarks, which provide citizens with more choices for night consumption. In addition, the "Shanghai Trend Nightlife Guide" was released to provide consumers with diversified and accurate consumption strategies.
Night life festival scene. In order to promote the high-quality development of night economy, Huangpu District is taking the lead in building the "Shanghai Night Economy Fine Governance Demonstration Zone". Nine departments of Huangpu District, including commerce, public security and greening, jointly issued the "Implementation Plan on Promoting Night Economy Development in Huangpu District", focusing on planning guidance, market drive, standard docking and system innovation, and improving the management system and operation mechanism. The Council of Huangpu District Night Economy Development Community formulated the Action Guidelines for Further Promoting the High-quality Development of Night Economy in Huangpu District. In the near future, Huangpu District will also issue the "Pilot Guidelines for Exterior Placement" to improve the level of refined and intelligent urban governance and provide strong support for the sustainable development of the night economy.Meituan released the "24-hour Shanghai" night consumption vitality guide for the first time, and launched a number of night trend consumption destinations with the characteristics of trendy gameplay, niche unique experience and 24-hour business around the four sections of night food, night entertainment, night exercise and night reading. According to the data of Meituan, night service consumption generally shows the characteristics of strong overall consumption recovery momentum, great potential for late-night consumption and active development of new formats. From January to May this year, the scale of online consumer orders for night service in Shanghai increased by nearly 40% compared with 2021. After 22 o’clock in Shanghai, the night life service consumption accounts for 22% of the late-night consumption period. Nanjing West Road-Jing ‘an Temple, Nanjing East Road-People’s Square, Disney, Lujiazui-Yaohan and Wujiaochang-Daxue Road are the top five business districts in Shanghai’s night life service consumption scale index. Shanghai’s nighttime consumer goods are diverse and rich, involving 10 categories such as catering, leisure and entertainment, sports and fitness, and new formats such as gymnasiums and study rooms, which are open 24 hours a day, are booming.
(This article is from The Paper, please download the "The Paper" APP for more original information)
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Watching Klaus: The Secret of Christmas before Christmas, there is not only expectation, but also "expectation".

Text | Wang Zhongyang lp, Xiao Tong

It should be said that the excavation of various themes by Europeans and Americans (to be precise, Americans) is still relatively textured in film and television. No matter whether it is scary folk customs or ancient myths, even if it is presented in the form of cartoons, it can be used to tell quite interesting stories with the lens of "all ages".

Among them, the most widely known ones in China are Monster Hostel and How to Train Your Dragon. The former brings together all kinds of "black myth bosses" from Western Europe to Slavic and Egyptian, while the latter sublimates tenderness in the rough and heroic Nordic Viking.

These days, the Christmas atmosphere has gradually become rich. Although I don’t know what new animation surprises there are this Christmas, I can at least recommend a wonderful masterpiece about whether Santa Claus is a pyramid scheme or a leek man under KPI three years ago-Klaus: The Secret of Christmas.

This cartoon is "wonderful" because on the one hand, you have to marvel at the deep imagination of foreigners after watching it, and it can give a "simple New Year mascot" a brand-new soul and story; On the other hand, after watching for a long time lost in thought:

Imagination can really change the world.

one

Selflessness and encouragement make you happy.

First of all, if I say that Santa Claus gives gifts to children every year, it is actually just a "pyramid scheme" set up by a "rich second generation" postman for KPI, it is estimated that many people will say "this is too outrageous", but in Klaus: The Secret of Christmas, it tells the audience a unique version:

Jasper, a rich second generation, was originally ignorant, idled all day and lived a luxurious life. His father paid him to send him to the Royal Postal College to train the postman and turned out to be the worst student in the hospital. So his father told him to go to Smith Rensburg (a very remote island) as a postman, and he had to send 6,000 letters a year to come back, otherwise he would not be able to get the inheritance right. However, when I got to the local area, Jasper discovered that this island was like hell-

People here are divided into two factions, one is the krum family, and the other is the Elimbo family. Due to historical reasons, they are full of hatred for each other and fight whenever they meet. From adults to children, they are organized, disciplined and have family traditions, and no one can shake them.

By setting traps, stabbing and plotting against each other, and the human feelings here are indifferent, there is no communication between them, only fighting, not to mention writing letters, which is so literary and warm. None of the previous postmen can survive in such an inhuman environment. At first, he was full of confidence, but he was repeatedly frustrated.

Just as Jasper was about to give up his job as a postman, he found Klaus, a mysterious old man who lived on the top of the island. Klaus was a carpenter.

The whole person looks "weird and cruel". After his wife died, he lived alone in a hut full of handmade toys. The two teamed up to give toys to the children on the island, provided that the children wrote to Klaus to express their wishes.

Since then, the secret of "You can get a gift as long as Jasper helps you mail a letter" has spread among the children … So, this incredible friendship has brought the island back to life, and the indifference and estrangement between people has been broken. Jasper also officially started the endeavor journey of hitting KPI with Klaus’ gift and returning to the peak of constantly chauffeured as soon as possible.

Later, there were more and more rumors about Klaus:

"Klaus will leave gifts in socks hanging on the fireplace!" "Klaus likes cookies!" "Klaus will come in through the chimney!" "Klaus flew over the roofs of thousands of families in the moonlight in a sleigh pulled by reindeer!" ……

The picture extends out of the camera, and a gentle and beautiful story comes to an end.

I am convinced that westerners engage in the theme of "redemption", even in cartoons. Klaus: The Secret of Christmas mainly has two aspects of "redemption", one is the hero’s soul redemption in doing a good job, and the other is the local people’s reflection and redemption in silent resolution.

As for the sublimation level of the theme, it is even more "universal". In friendship, love and affection, it promotes the spirit of "giving a rose, leaving a lingering fragrance in your hand"-

] a true act of good will always sparks another’s most selfless dedication is the most inspiring.

two

Refinement and sublimation are warm enough.

Klaus: The Secret of Christmas is such a family fun "warm cookies". The beauty of the film is that in the first half of the film, a particularly sad and chilling island is created by means of horror and suspense, and it is perfectly changed by inspiration and redemption in the feelings of "the more depraved it is, the more it is worth saving" in European and American cultures.

In addition, the relationship between the two factions on the island seems to be more worthy of the audience’s deep thinking-

Feud, hostility, refusal to communicate.

I firmly believe that this relationship is a kind of national contradiction and racial conflict that the creator deliberately implies and can map the real world, such as wars and prejudices around the world and hatred that seems to never coexist.

But on the island in the story, it doesn’t seem so "serious". At most, only the children can’t go to school, or are under house arrest or lack of care. Until the arrival of the protagonist Jasper changed all this. With the spread of love and care, the whole village has also undergone great changes … All people are inspired to practice the concept of "the most selfless dedication, the most inspiring" and bring happiness to others:

Because of Jasper’s dedication, Alva finally realized his dream of starting a school;

Because of Alva’s dedication, local children have the opportunity to read and read;

Because of Klaus’ dedication, children’s childhood has expectations and more joy;

It is also because of the dedication of the children that the adults began to become friendly, and then the residents of the whole island began to give up the struggle and live in harmony, making the indifference between people a thing of the past forever.

In the process of this happiness transmission, everyone is gradually changing in a good direction. As for the "reverse force", the most obvious thing is Jasper himself-

From a selfish and unmotivated constantly chauffeured man at the beginning, he has gradually become a caring and responsible person who makes his father proud.

Speaking of which, I don’t know if anyone has found one thing. In the seemingly mythical "Origin" story, there is actually no magic, elves and luxurious palaces throughout, but only ordinary people just like you and me.

The most obvious thing is that the well-known "The Birth of Santa Claus" is based on the secular feelings carefully arranged by the creator. Therefore, this animation not only got a high score of 8.3 on IMDb, but also got 7 nominations for the Annie Award, which is known as the animation Oscar.

three

Intention and logic are innovation.

The whole film is highly completed, well-made, and the story is warm, simple and pure. There is no metaphor for eggs or anything to pay tribute to. You may guess the ending and the fate of the characters, but there is nothing new in the story.

Lovely painting style, plain healing story, rich characters and their own characteristics. Meet the yearning of some audiences with girlish hearts for fairy tales. Realistic fairy tales are created by kind people, not illusory "magic".

At this point, my thoughts return to the comparison between "theme" and "material" at the beginning of this article. I am glad to find that we are not bad. At least so far, we have begun to explore the doorway and have some good signs for the refinement and sublimation of the theme.

Monkey King Reborn, another domestic animation I revisited a few days ago, saw another side of it while netizens commented on "excessive consumption":

The mythical characters are humanized, the animation style is vivid, the creative thinking is open and the theme is sublimated. Although the fourth "sublimation" has also been shown in some domestic animations in the past, such as "My life is not determined by the sky" in "The Magic Boy" and "Modern Human Context" in "Steampunk" in "The Legend of the White Snake 2", these are worthy of study and discussion by people in the industry. At least the domestic animation creators are aware of one thing:

If you don’t fool the audience, you must take the initiative to "evolve".

Especially in today’s increasingly integrated Eastern and Western cultures, if we want to carry forward the national culture and get real praise and recognition, we must learn to dig deep into some contents outside the original theme, or the common feelings of human beings or the feelings that are connected with each other.

As for the audience’s world, it is not so complicated. At least tell a vivid story about the origin of Santa Claus "Claudie", so that people who grow up are still full of childlike innocence; It is not a difficult thing to fully display the beautiful elements such as friendship, faith, companionship, growth and love.

Thanks to this movie, Christmas and Santa Claus have been given a better meaning.

I still want to thank this movie, which may make more people think about an already existing fact:

Imagination can really change the world.

?

Liberation of Yixian: The First Shot of Liaoshen Campaign





  In the spring of 1948, under the strong offensive of our army, the Kuomintang troops in Northeast China retreated to three isolated areas: Changchun, Shenyang and Jinzhou. On September 20th of the same year, the Third Column, the Fifth Division of the Second Column and the First Division of the Artillery Corps of the Northeast People’s Liberation Army quickly and covertly attacked Yixian from Liaoyuan, Dongfeng and Siping areas, unexpectedly compressed and surrounded more than 12,000 enemy troops on the defensive, including the 20th Division of the Kuomintang 93rd Army, local teams and landlord armed forces, and cut off their retreat to Jinzhou, thus opening the prelude to the Liaoshen campaign. Recently, the reporter interviewed several veterans who participated in the first shot of this magnificent war.


  There is only one goal for the army and the people.


  Yixiang County is the hub leading to the railway intersection of Jinzhou, Chengde and Shenyang. Nearly 6 square kilometers of the county seat has an ancient city wall with a height of 10 meters and a width of 3.5 meters. There is a moat with a width of 4 meters and a depth of 22 meters outside the wall. Since ancient times, it has been the throat of entering and leaving the customs, and it is a battleground for military strategists.


  At that time, Liu Yongzhi was the operational staff of the Northeast People’s Liberation Army (later served as the head of a artillery regiment stationed in Jinzhou). Although he is now an octogenarian, he still remembers the experience at that time. He said that the provisional 20th Division of the 93rd Army of the Kuomintang (KMT) defending the enemy in Yixian was a semi-American mechanical equipment unit trained by an American advisory group, with a total strength of more than 7,000 people, three quarters of whom were veterans, and had never been hit hard in the past. Major General Wang Shigao and Deputy Major General Runzhen Han are quite conceited about their troops. In addition, there are more than 5,000 local teams and landlords in the city. The enemy troops on the defensive are not only strong in Ma Zhuang, with excellent weapons and sufficient ammunition, but also build a large number of light machine gun positions with single bunkers on the periphery of Chengguan, build bunker groups and minefields by using independent villages and cemeteries on the periphery, transform Chengguan buildings into hidden castles, set up a large number of barbed wire, plum blossom piles, tripping ropes, etc., and dig out moats with a depth of 3 meters and a large number of light and dark shelters based on the ancient city wall, forming a vast and deep three-dimensional defense.


  After the Northeast People’s Liberation Army completed the siege of Yixian with superior forces, in order to find out the enemy’s defense situation, it sent a small number of troops to spy on the enemy’s troops, weapons and deployment. At the same time, various departments of our army launched a powerful political offensive against the enemy on the defensive, such as shouting, distributing leaflets and sending publicity materials through various channels. "Luo Youkun, the platoon leader of the 6th Company and 3rd platoon of the 2nd Battalion, 1st Battalion on the defensive, is a young man with a sense of justice. He is extremely dissatisfied with the Kuomintang army’s rampage and oppression of the people in the county town. After carefully reading the propaganda materials of our army, he secretly got in touch with our army in the frontier position. Just a few days before the siege, he led the infantry platoon and the heavy machine gun platoon to surrender, and our army took over his position, which provided convenient conditions for liberating the county town." Liu Yongzhi said.


  According to the information we have, our generals have made a comprehensive analysis of the war situation. Everyone agrees that there is a natural barrier of Daling River in the northwest, and the terrain in the northeast is too narrow to deploy troops. The terrain in the south of the city is open and blocked by a moat, but the terrain in the southwest is high, which is easy to observe. Although the southwest is the defense area with the strongest defensive firepower, our army can rely on the railway subgrade as a position, exert the powerful power of various artillery, and hit the defensive enemy with lightning speed. So, on September 26th, the generals decided to strengthen pre-war training and preparation while besieging and harassing the enemy on the defensive. On October 1st, they concentrated their fire on breaking through the enemy’s defense from the southwest of the city!


  At this time, Comrade Mao Zedong issued the "Operational Policy on Liaoshen Campaign" by electrifying the whole army, which greatly boosted the morale of the commanders and fighters. While carrying out actual combat drills in specific division of labor, various units began to dig trenches one after another. The 2nd vertical and 5th divisions dug all the way from the east of Songjiatun in the west of the city to the Yugoslav capital, with a total length of more than 7,300 meters. The 3rd vertical and 8th divisions and the 9th divisions dug all the way from the enemy’s southernmost bunker group to the wall, which provided a reliable guarantee for the troops to transfer, contact and break through in combat.


  In the pre-war preparations, the people also took active actions. In the PLA station, people steamed dry food and sent military shoes everywhere. Ma Zhancai, an old veteran of Liulonggou Township in Yixian who participated in this campaign, recalled: "At that time, more than 3,000 peasant children signed up to join the army in five days in four mountainous areas in the west of Yixian, and a new corps was formed, which could be added to the army at any time. Liulonggou donated 1.2 million Jin of rations overnight, and organized more than 3,000 stretchers to be transported with the army. Li Jingxin and other poor people in the south of the city actively took the initiative to be guides and draw maps for the siege troops … "The deep affection of the military and civilians, fish and water, flooded the land filled with smoke, and the military and civilians were united in one mind, with only one goal: to liberate Yi County and capture Wang Shigao alive!


  Nearly 100 officers and men were left with only 17 people, and the "steel company" was born.


  After the enemy on the defensive was surrounded, Wang Shigao, the enemy commander, was like a cat on hot bricks, and he was in a state of panic. He repeatedly asked his boss in Jinzhou for reinforcements. On September 24th, Fan Hanjie, the leader of enemy troops on the defensive in Jinzhou and the deputy commander of the Kuomintang Northeast "Suppression General", mobilized more than 4,000 troops of the 93rd Army to help Yixian in the north, only to find that he was surrounded and annihilated by my 8th and 9th columns near Qilihe River, and the surviving remnants fled back to Jinzhou.


  Jinzhou had no choice but to send planes to bomb Yixian every day to cheer for the enemy. However, according to the command of the headquarters, our army sent a large number of small units to use the trench as a cover to attack enemy strongholds and bunkers day and night, scaring the enemy not to light up or sleep, and shooting at random at the slightest sign of trouble. Before the siege of our army started, the defensive troops were exhausted and the ammunition was running out.


  Yang Haitian, then the platoon leader and later the division commander of a certain department in shenyang military area command, recalled: "At 10 o’clock on the 28th, Fan Hanjie sent eight planes to airdrop ammunition for defending the enemy in Yixian, which was severely bombarded by our anti-aircraft artillery group. The planes did not dare to fly low, but only threw it blindly at high altitude. Most of the ammunition fell on our positions and few floated into the city."


  The "generosity" of the "Transport Battalion Chief" and the enemy’s defensive forces gave us all the support, which further inspired the morale of our army. The enemy’s peripheral positions were recovered inch by inch by our army, and Yixiang County was like an island, which was just around the corner. According to the general attack plan, our army must clear all the defensive positions on the periphery on the 29th and 30th. On the morning of 29th, a gap was opened in the main position south of the city by our army. A battalion commander on the defensive was killed, and the enemy was even more flustered, and it was a mess up and down …


  At the same time, our army’s battle to conquer the outlying strongholds is going on fiercely. Wujiaxiao Temple is an important stronghold of the enemy’s western Yugoslav capital. Here, there is a reinforced battalion for defending the enemy, equipped with heavy firepower such as heavy machine guns and 60 guns, and five big bunkers, 21 small bunkers and four shelters have been built in Fiona Fang, 50 meters away from the stronghold, which are connected by criss-crossing traffic trenches, and there are back channels leading to the city.


  The task of conquering and sticking to this strongest fortress fell on the shoulders of the officers and men of the 14 th regiment and the 10 th company of the second column of our army. This heroic company, which was awarded the title of "invincible", all the commanders and fighters were ready to go. Wang Qiang, an old veteran of Jinzhou who participated in this battle, recalled: "On the afternoon of September 30, under the cover of our army’s artillery fire, the 10th company’s blasting group blew up eight enemy bunkers in succession and controlled a large section of the wall in the southwest corner of the city. However, the enemy in the southeast corner of the bunker violently counterattacked our army, and the roaring artillery fire made people unable to look up. The deputy company commander immediately ordered Zhang Zuopei, a second class soldier and an expert in blasting, to’ blow it up!’" Zhang Zuopei, with two explosive barrels, rolled a few on the spot, detoured to the right side of the bunker’s fire port, and sounded the explosive barrel … The smoke that blew up the bunker had not been cleared, and the enemy suddenly began shelling. I lost more than half of my ten officers and soldiers, and all the platoon cadres died. In the case of losing the command of the platoon leader, the squad leader Wang Fengjiang bravely took responsibility and directed the soldiers to beat back the enemy’s six counterattacks with grenades and submachine guns. When the enemy came back for the seventh time, Wang Fengjiang and his comrades-in-arms had run out of bullets. At a critical moment, the cook Lao Gao climbed into the position with a box of 60 shells on his back. As soon as Wang Fengjiang saw it, he immediately opened the shell box, grabbed the shell and unscrewed the safety cap. He threw the shell at the enemy group, and his comrades-in-arms followed suit. The enemy left a body and fled back to the county seat. "In this battle, I even nearly 100 officers and men, only 17 people. After the war, eight people, including Wang Fengjiang, were each credited with great achievements, and the tenth company was named "Steel Company" by the column.


  At the same time, our army’s attack on the outlying strongholds such as Nanguan, Dongguan and the railway station has also been quite fierce. In the battle against the railway station, Wang Shigao, the enemy commander, personally supervised the battle, but the stubborn enemy defenders failed to escape the fate of failure. In just over two hours, our army wiped out more than 400 people on the defensive at the station and killed the chief of staff of the first defensive regiment.


  On the 30th, the fierce battle to wipe out the peripheral enemy troops on the defensive lasted more than 4 hours and ended successfully. Enemy at the Gates, an army of all stripes, has become a turtle on the defensive.


  At 11 o’clock this evening, the enemy commander Wang Shigao called a meeting of all officers at or above the regimental level, and finally decided to lead the remnants to break through in the Chaoyang direction after dark on October 1, then turned to Suizhong and Xingcheng, and then moved closer to Jinzhou …


  After more than five hours of fierce fighting, the ancient city of Yixian was conquered.


  On the morning of October 1, 1948, in the general headquarters of the Northeast People’s Liberation Army on the mound south of Yixian County, the artillery commander Zhu Rui, the commander of the third column Han Xianchu and the political commissar of the column Luo Shunchu all waited quietly for the arrival of the general attack.


  Liu Yongzhi, then the staff officer of the three vertical operations, recalled that at 9 o’clock sharp, Han Xianchu raised his telescope and observed the uneven ground for a while, took out his pocket watch and turned his head to say to Zhu Rui, "Time is up." At Zhu Rui’s command, cannons of various calibers roared, and 100,000 rounds of artillery shells exploded in enemy positions, fortifications, artillery towers and city walls with revenge anger. In an instant, the city wall in the southwest of the city was "torn" to open a gap more than 40 meters wide. General Zhu Rui was very excited to see this scene in the telescope and ordered the artillery to extend and shoot. At this time, the troops ambushing in the west, south and east of the city stormed the city like tigers coming down the mountain. With the cover of the corner, streets and planes, the enemy concentrated all their firepower and fought fiercely with the enemy. The eighth company of the ninth division and the seventh company of the fifth division, in order for the troops to pass through the moat smoothly, the second class of the eighth company took the initiative to undertake the task of bridging the bridge. When the bridge was just about to be completed several times, it was destroyed by the enemy, but the soldiers became more and more brave and did not flinch. The soldier Wu Xi Road was shot 13 times, and he still insisted on fighting and loudly encouraged his comrades. The soldier Liu Manchang was shot in the abdomen and his small intestine was exposed. He still threw the last Grenade in his hand at the enemy group. Xie Laitang, a soldier, was stabbed by the enemy when climbing the city. He grabbed the bloody bayonet and climbed the city wall, and put a red flag on the top of the city … In the east of the city, the soldiers of the first battalion of our army went straight to the Hujia compound where the enemy’s third regiment command post was stationed, and beat back the enemy armored vehicles several times.


  At 12 noon, our army attacked the vicinity of the Bell and Drum Tower, and was resisted by more than 200 remnants of the enemy’s division command post. Zhang Feng, head of the 13th regiment of the Fifth Division (later commander of Lanzhou Military Region), ordered the Fourth Company and the Sixth Company to detour from both sides. The two companies threw smoke bombs and grenades into the courtyard of the enemy command post to blast the courtyard wall, and the soldiers rushed into the hospital at the same time, all of them annihilated the enemy.


  However, among more than 1,000 prisoners of war, Wang Shigao, the enemy commander, was not seen. Zhang Tuanchang ordered the search. Finally, Wang Shigao and Runzhen Han, the deputy commander, were taken out of a hidden bomb shelter by five soldiers. Wang Shigao, who has always been arrogant and arrogant, was unkempt, dusty and disheartened …


  At about 1: 30 pm, after fierce street fighting and hand-to-hand combat, our army captured the enemy county government, the last stronghold in the city. After more than five hours of fierce fighting, the whole battle in Yixian County finally ended successfully.


  In the tough battle in Yixian, more than 1,100 warriors of our army left their lives on this land forever. General Zhu Rui was one of the generals who died in this battle. He was the highest-ranking general of our army who died in the war of liberation.


  Liu Yongzhi recalled: "On October 1, the general attack on Yixian began. General Zhu Rui was very excited to see that the artillery he had created was playing so well in this tough battle. He said to commander Han Xianchu and political commissar Luo Shunchu,’ I’ll go to the front and have a look.’ Korea’s commander, luo commissar with one voice don’t let go. Zhu Rui said:’ I want to see how thick the city wall is, how many shells can be used to blast it, how to beat this ancient city wall better, and how many problems still exist at the impact point.’ The two leaders reluctantly acquiesced, but repeatedly told to pay attention to safety. When other generals of the artillery headquarters saw that Commander Zhu was going to the front, they all followed him. At this time, most of the siege troops entered the city, and the street fighting was in full swing. They came out from the headquarters and walked along a ditch. At this time, there was a remnant enemy shooting at them at the Laoye Temple in Nanguan. To prevent accidents, they went down to the bottom of the ditch and walked along both sides of the carriage road. General Zhu Rui unfortunately stepped on the mines buried by the enemy and died at the age of 43 … "

Editor: Li Yongchao

On the Definition of "Culture" and "Cultural Form"

When historians introduce "history" to people, they will first focus on how they understand the concept of "history"; Philosophers will also focus on how to understand "philosophy" when introducing their own philosophical research results to the people. As a lover and disseminator of Chinese studies, it is natural to follow the pace of the master and discuss clearly what is "Chinese studies" first. Talk about personal opinions and understanding again. Now we encounter a broader concept, that is, what is "culture"? What is "traditional culture"? What is "China culture"?

We can try to answer from two aspects: the definition of culture and the form of culture. The former mainly thinks about what the concept of culture refers to. The latter mainly thinks about how culture exists, how to form and how to develop. The concept of "form" was first used in biology and natural philosophy. In biology, it refers to the science of studying the external shape, internal structure and evolution process of objects. In natural philosophy, it refers to studying the form, structure and characteristics of philosophy, specifically, understanding philosophy from the aspects of philosophy research purpose, research object and expression form. The form of culture is to understand a certain culture from the perspectives of externally visible existence form, internally observable existence structure and cultural development and change.

We can think that "cultural form" is a concept derived from "natural form". Although the elements are different from each other, we can still understand "culture" through basic elements such as cultural purpose, characteristics, structure, function and position. That is to say, people gradually understand the "basic connotation" of culture through its "external existence form". In a broad sense, "culture" refers to the spiritual wealth created by the whole human society and its spiritual production capacity; In a narrow sense, "culture" refers to the concrete existence of philosophy, literature, art, education, science and customs. Generally speaking, discussing culture is about a specific culture, rather than discussing the sum of all human cultures in a macro way.

The characteristics of different cultural forms are mainly reflected by theoretical characteristics, clients, forms of expression, social influence and people’s position. The basic way for people to know "culture" is also from these elements. No matter what kind of culture it is, it has its own specific people’s position and service object. For example, Taoism regards "Tao" as the subject of the world, while "people" as the object of the world, and based on the basic position of "people", it comes to the value judgment of "following only the Tao". Confucianism regards "Heaven" as the main body of the world and "Son of Heaven" as the master of the world, and based on the basic position of long-term stability, it comes to the value judgment of "monarch, monarch, minister and minister". There are obvious differences in the starting point and ending point of thinking between the two cultures, which we call the difference of "cultural form" in "people’s position" and "service object"

People know and distinguish things through "differences". If there is no difference, all people look at the same face and all things look the same, then people can’t know the world. Among all the differences, there is a kind of "unity" in treating others, that is, all cultures serve people in the final analysis, but specifically serve the whole mankind? Or serve some people? Is it for the majority of people? Or serve a few people? From this, we can judge the "pattern" of a certain culture, from which we can see the "mind" and "realm" of a certain kind of people.

"For whom" is just a way to divide "cultural form". According to the observer’s point of view, as well as the differences in cognitive purposes and cognitive methods, there are more forms to divide cultural form. For example, literary and art circles and scientific circles, such as literature and audio-visual arts, such as materialism and idealism, such as hegelianism and Marxism, such as Taoist culture and Confucian culture, such as traditional culture and modern culture. It is worth noting that any "division" is an artificial division, which is divided by individuals according to certain needs and certain characteristics. It does not mean that there is a natural insurmountable gap between them. From a macro point of view, "culture" is always a whole, but it shows different characteristics in specific forms.

Finally, let’s discuss the issues of "cultural development" and "evolution of cultural forms". Culture is not static, let alone natural, but appears with the emergence of human society and develops with the development of society. Its fundamental driving force comes from the development of "economic base", which is Marx’s viewpoint and the basic theory of "historical materialism", that is, "economic base determines superstructure". The degree of economic development determines the degree of cultural development, which in turn promotes or hinders economic development. It looks similar to it, but actually the opposite view is "economic materialism" or "vulgar view of economic history", which is essentially a misinterpretation of "dialectical historical materialism". This view simply discusses "the economic base determines the superstructure" and denies "the reaction of the economic base of the superstructure". When looking at the issue of "cultural development", it often emphasizes the level of economic development, but does not discuss the degree of political civilization and ideological development.

Why should we use western culture to transform our culture?

Carry forward excellent traditional culture under the guidance of Marxism.

Under the guidance of Marxism, critically absorb western culture.

What is fashion? Fashion in my eyes is not equal to fashion.

Take to the streets and meet girls with heavy makeup from time to time. Some people say it’s affectation, others say it’s fashion. When I turn on the TV, I often "meet" with long-haired men. Some people say that it is ostentatious, while others say that it is fashionable. Some people are obsessed with internet cafes all day, some people say that it is a waste of youth, and some people say that it is really fashionable. Overnight, the wind of "fashion" blew all over the streets of society. I don’t know when, it quietly ran into our campus, attracting countless boys and girls to chase the "fashion" footsteps.

Some students think that fashion is the latest fashion. Some students think it is fashion when they see the "cool hairstyles" that movie stars do at will on TV. Some students regard drinking and smoking as fashion; Some students regard cliques as fashion; Some students even regard violating discipline as fashion, regardless of school rules. In fact, they simply don’t understand the true meaning of "fashion", and their practices just trample on and defile the beautiful word "fashion".

What is fashion? Fashion in my eyes is not the same as fashion. "Time" is fashion. Does "Shang" mean "noble"? Fashion, can we understand it as a popular and good atmosphere and habit at that time? In this case, we should treat popular things in two ways, and never follow blindly. The pursuit of fashion is not necessarily right. If "baldness" really became popular, wouldn’t all the streets become monks and nuns? If everyone really dances "street dance", wouldn’t the street become a "dance floor", and how can the traffic be smooth?

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