A few days ago, the relocated residents in Nantingfang Community, Changqing Street, Baohe District, Hefei City, Anhui Province, welcomed the resettlement houses, and they will start a new life in a modern community with complete facilities. According to reports, the community can accommodate 2533 sets of houses this time. Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu Junxi photo
Reasonably adjust the scope of purchase restriction, increase the amount of provident fund loans, optimize the use of existing real estate land, and revitalize the existing parking spaces of development projects … Since the beginning of this year, many places across the country have continuously optimized and adjusted the property market regulation policies to further support the rigid and improved housing demand and promote the stable and healthy development of the real estate market.
With the long-term mechanism of real estate taking root and the stable operation of the real estate market, the positioning of "the house is for living, not for speculation" has further become a social consensus.
Downward trend needs attention.
The real estate industry is large in scale, long in chain and wide in scope, and plays a decisive role in the national economy. Since the beginning of this year, the national real estate market has been generally stable, but the downward trend also needs great attention. Statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics show that from January to April this year, the national fixed asset investment (excluding farmers) was 15,354.4 billion yuan, up 6.8% year-on-year. Among them, investment in real estate development decreased by 2.7%. From January to April, the sales area of commercial housing nationwide was 397.68 million square meters, down 20.9% year-on-year.
Sheng Guoqing, chief statistician of the Urban Department of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that in April, among 70 large and medium-sized cities, the number of cities where the sales price of commercial housing decreased increased, and the sales price of commercial housing in first, second and third tier cities showed a downward trend on the whole and continued to decline year-on-year.
From the ring comparison, the sales price of commercial housing in first-tier cities increased slightly, while that in second-and third-tier cities decreased. In April, the sales price of new commercial housing in first-tier cities rose by 0.2% month-on-month, and the growth rate dropped by 0.1 percentage point from last month. The sales price of second-hand houses rose by 0.4% month-on-month, the same as last month. From a year-on-year perspective, the year-on-year increase or decrease in the sales price of commercial housing in first, second and third tier cities dropped or expanded. In April, among 70 large and medium-sized cities, the sales prices of newly-built commercial housing and second-hand housing decreased year-on-year, respectively, in 39 and 56 cities, increasing by 10 and 9 respectively from last month.
Relevant experts believe that from the year-on-year changes in house prices, the number of cities with falling house prices has an increasing trend, and the confidence of buyers has yet to be restored.
Since April, the property market regulation policies have been released in many places. Among them are Zhengzhou, Lanzhou, Fuzhou, Changsha, Nanjing, Suzhou and other large and medium-sized cities, as well as many third-and fourth-tier cities. Its control measures mainly focus on supporting rigid and improved housing demand and boosting housing consumption.
Liu Lin, a researcher at China Macroeconomic Research Institute, believes that while keeping the risk bottom line, all localities should make appropriate adjustments to the previous contractive control policies to better support the first set of rigid housing demand and reasonable improvement demand, and encourage new citizens, young people and other groups to make housing consumption.
Actively encourage self-occupation demand
Facing the new situation and new challenges, the central and local departments concerned have taken a series of concrete measures to support the first set of rigid demand for house purchase, reasonable demand for improvement, and demand for rental housing.
On May 15th, the People’s Bank of China and China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission issued relevant notices to adjust the differentiated housing credit policy. Among them, for households who purchase ordinary self-occupied housing by loans, the lower limit of the interest rate of the first set of commercial personal housing loans is adjusted to not less than the quoted interest rate of the loan market for the corresponding period minus 20 basis points. On May 20th, the People’s Bank of China authorized the National Inter-bank Funding Center to announce the quoted interest rate (LPR) of loans over five years, which was 4.45%, a decrease of 0.15% compared with the previous one, and it has been lowered again since January 20th this year.
In Shandong, Jinan Housing Provident Fund Center issued a policy. Since May 24, the standard for identifying the first suite has been adjusted from "the family of registered employees in this city has no housing and no housing loans (including provident fund loans and commercial loans)" to "the family of registered employees in this city has no housing in this city". At the same time, the down payment ratio of the first home loan for non-registered families in this city was adjusted from 60% to 30%.
In Jiangsu and Lianyungang, the latest measures were introduced to further optimize the payment mode of bid bond for operating land. On the basis of strictly implementing the supervision system of pre-sale funds of commercial housing, we will explore ways to guarantee and release a certain amount of funds for the construction and operation of real estate projects.
"Judging from the situation in most cities, the lower limit of the first home loan interest rate in May decreased by 35 basis points compared with April, and the lower limit of the second home loan interest rate decreased by 15 basis points. This change, superimposed on the optimization measures taken by various places due to urban policies, will help reduce the cost of buyers and promote the release of just-needed and improved housing demand. " RealData market analyst Liu Lijie said.
The bottom line of "housing and not speculating" is solid.
According to the data of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, China is still in the stage of rapid urbanization, with more than 11 million newly employed people in cities and towns every year, which brings a lot of new housing demand. At the same time, a large number of old houses built before 2000 are small in area, poor in quality and incomplete in supporting facilities, and the demand for residents to improve their living conditions is relatively strong. All these provide favorable conditions for the real estate market to stick to the principle of stability and achieve healthy development.
Zhao Xiuchi, a researcher at the Institute of Economic and Social Development of Megacities of Capital University of Economics and Business, pointed out in an interview with this reporter that the recent fine-tuning and optimization of the credit environment and real estate regulation and control policies is due to the city’s policy of supporting rigid and improved housing demand, which is a necessary move to keep the economy running in a reasonable range, and reflects the positioning that "houses are used for living, not for speculation".
"The optimization of real estate regulation and control policies should continue to adhere to the word’ stable’ and firmly hold the bottom line of’ housing and not speculating’ while meeting reasonable needs." Zhao Xiuchi believes that we should further improve the efficiency of land and housing use and accelerate the development of the housing rental market with the guidance of meeting reasonable and self-occupied housing demand and the balance between occupation and housing as the starting point.
In the view of Feng Jun, president of China Real Estate Association, local governments can’t break away from the orientation and direction of "housing and not speculating", and they can’t use real estate as a tool and means to stimulate the economy in the short term. In the future, the key is to continue to implement a long-term real estate mechanism, maintain the continuity and stability of regulatory policies, and enhance accuracy and coordination.